Adam Smith Biography, Scottish Philosopher, Economist

Adam Smith Biography, Scottish Philosopher, Economist

Moral philosopher and economist Adam Smith Biography , who lived in the second half of the 18th century, was one of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment and the author of An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, as well as lectures on jurisprudence, The Theory of Moral Sentiments. These works influenced the work of scientists in England and France and, having gained worldwide fame, were included in the list of the greatest books.

Name : Adam Smith Biography _

Who is he: writer , economist , philosopher

Birthday: June 16, 1723 (age 67)

Date of death: July 17, 1790

Place of birth: Kirkcaldy, Scotland

Family status: wasn’t married

Adam Smith Childhood And Youth Wealth of Nations

Adam Smith was born in early June 1723 in the Kingdom of Great Britain and was baptized in the church of Kirkcaldy, located in the Firth of Forth. His father, who was a lawyer and customs official, died shortly after the birth of his son, and his mother, who almost lost the boy due to abduction by gypsies, soon left the coastal latitudes.

Adam Smith Biography,

Having settled in Glasgow, which was the center of the Scottish Enlightenment, the woman decided to educate Adam and, at the age of 14, sent him to the local university. There, the invisible hand future economist, under the leadership of Francis Hutcheson, studied the ethical foundations of philosophy, as well as ancient languages, mathematics, astronomy and logic as a compulsory subject.

After completing the course in 1740, Smith received a scholarship to Balliol College, located in Oxford, but did not appreciate the English teaching methods, which were widely used at that time, due to the lack of diversity in his youth. As a result, he began to read books by modern authors and switched to an chair of moral philosophy independent system of study, ceasing to listen to the opinions of famous teachers and wealthy luminaries.

Economics and philosophy Theory of Moral Sentiments

In 1748, Adam turned the first page of his adult biography by starting to lecture at the University of Edinburgh, and soon came under the patronage of the philosopher known as Henry Hume. With his help, the young teacher moved from English literature to jurisprudence and the fundamentals of political teaching, as well as sociology and economics as the most important and interesting sciences.

While preparing the material, Smith began to think about the application of these disciplines in practice and came to the formulation of the basic ideas of economic liberalism, first expressed in 1750.

And then, having met the psychologist and skeptic David Hume, Adam discovered a similarity in worldview, which resulted in joint works on politics, economics and religion, which were written during his tenure as a teacher.

In the late 1750s, Smith was made professor of logic and awarded the post of dean at the University of Glasgow. He soon published “The Theory of Moral Sentiments,” based on lectures and scientific materials, which became the first study and marked the beginning of his writing.

On the pages of this work, the progressively thinking Scot made an analysis of the standards of behavior that were present in various strata of society, and, based on the “principle of sympathy,” he derived the concept of moral equality of people. At the same time, distrust was expressed in the widespread postulates of religious ethics, based on promises of heavenly life and trepidation before the punishment of the Lord.

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This book, which made Smith’s name known throughout the United Kingdom, was followed by “An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations,” which examined the principles of economic operation in the conditions of relations that developed in the production system on the basis of complete economic freedoms. It formulated the theory of laissez-faire, demonstrating the socially beneficial power of “individual selfishness”, and also emphasized the importance of entrepreneurship, the market and the division of labor.

Economist Adam Smith. Artist John Kay

Other significant works in Smith’s bibliography were the books “An Account of the Life and Works of David Hume”, “Thoughts on the State of Competition with America”, “Essays on Philosophical Subjects” and “The System of Double Inclusion”, which were reprinted several times after the death of the scientist and written in 1770– 1780s.

Personal Life Smith Called

No detailed information has been preserved about the personal life of the Scottish economist and philosopher, but followers and biographers claimed that he shunned the fairer sex and never had a wife or children.

True, there is information that while working at the University of Glasgow, Smith almost got married, but abandoned this idea and spent the rest of his days with his mother.


Smith spent his last years in Edinburgh, where, judging by photographs of letters from his personal archive, he had his own home and Sunday club. But a cloudless existence was undermined by an intestinal disease, which ultimately became the cause of death, which was reported in newspapers in 1790.

Bibliography Inquiry Into The Nature

  • 1748 – “Lectures on Rhetoric and Letter Writing”
  • 1759 – “The Theory of Moral Sentiments”
  • 1763 – “Lectures on Rhetoric and Letter Writing”
  • 1766 – “Lectures on jurisprudence”
  • 1776 – “An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations”
  • 1777 – “An Account of the Life and Works of David Hume”
  • 1778 – “Thoughts on the state of competition with America”
  • 1784 – “Double nesting system”
  • 1785 – “Essay on Philosophical Themes”

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I am a dedicated full-time author, researcher, historian, and editor. These areas of expertise encompass art, architecture, and the exploration of common threads across diverse civilizations. I hold a Master's degree in Political Philosophy and serve as the Publishing Editor at Evidence News.

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